Birds of Nevada County

This list was compiled for the Nevada County Natural Resources Report, led by Ted Beedy. The photographs are copyrighted by Walt Carnahan and are not to be used without permission. Some of the birds were photographed outside Nevada County.

Swans, Geese, and Ducks (Anatidae)

Greater White-fronted Goose (photo)

Snow Goose (photo)

Rosss Goose-X (photo)

Canada Goose (photo)

Cackling Goose (photo )

Trumpeter Swan-X (photo)

Tundra Swan-X (photo)

Wood Duck (photo)

Gadwall (photo)

Eurasian Wigeon-X (photo)

American Wigeon (photo)

Mallard (photo)

Cinnamon Teal (photo)

Blue-winged Teal - X

Northern Shoveler (photo)

Northern Pintail (photo)

Green-winged Teal (photo)

Canvasback (photo)

Redhead (photo)

Ring-necked Duck (photo)

Greater Scaup-X (photo)

Lesser Scaup

Surf Scoter-X (photo)

White-winged Scoter -X

Bufflehead (photo)

Common Goldeneye (photo - bird on right)

Barrow's Goldeneye-X (photo - bird on left)

Hooded Merganser (photo)

Common Merganser (photo)

Red-breasted Merganser-X

Ruddy Duck (photo)


Pheasants, Grouse, and Turkeys (Phasianidae)

Ring-necked Pheasant-I (photo)

Sooty Grouse (photo)

Wild Turkey-I (photo)


Quail (Odontophoridae)

Mountain Quail (photo)

California Quail (photo)


Loons (Gaviidae)

Pacific Loon-X (Extremely rare-X)

Common Loon (photo)


Grebes (Podicipedidae)

Pied-billed Grebe (photo)

Horned Grebe (photo)

Red-necked Grebe-X

Eared Grebe (photo)

Western Grebe (photo)

Clark's Grebe (photo)


Pelicans (Pelecanidae)

American White Pelican (photo)


Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

Double-crested Cormorant (photo)


Herons and Egrets (Ardeidae)

Great Blue Heron (photo)

Great Egret (photo)

Snowy Egret (photo)

Cattle Egret (photo)

Green Heron (photo)

Black-crowned Night-Heron (photo)


Ibis (Threskiorinithidae)

White-faced Ibis-X (photo)


New World Vultures (Cathartidae)

Turkey Vulture (photo)


Osprey, Hawks, Kites, Harriers, and Eagles (Accipitridae)

Osprey (photo)

White-tailed Kite (photo)

Bald Eagle (photo)

Northern Harrier (photo)

Sharp-shinned Hawk (photo)

Cooper's Hawk (photo)

Northern Goshawk

Red-shouldered Hawk (photo)

Swainsons Hawk (photo)

Red-tailed Hawk (photo)

Ferruginous Hawk (photo)

Rough-legged Hawk (photo)

Golden Eagle (photo)


Falcons (Falconidae)

American Kestrel (photo)

Merlin (photo)

Peregrine Falcon (photo)

Prairie Falcon (photo)


Rails, Moorhens, and Coots (Rallidae)

Black Rail

Virginia Rail (juv. photo)

Sora ( photo)

Common Moorhen (photo)

American Coot (photo)


Cranes (Gruidae)

Sandhill Crane (photo)


Plovers and Relatives (Charadriidae)

Semipalmated Plover-X (photo)

Killdeer (photo)


Avocets and Stilts (Recurvirostridae)

Black-necked Stilt (photo)

American Avocet (photo)


Sandpipers and Relatives (Scolopacidae)

Greater Yellowlegs (photo)

Willet-X (photo)

Spotted Sandpiper (photo)

Solitary Sandpiper

Whimbrel-X (photo)

Long-billed Curlew-X (photo)

Western Sandpiper (photo)

Least Sandpiper (photo)

Bairds Sandpiper-X

Pectoral Sandpiper-X


Long-billed Dowitcher (photo)

Common Snipe (photo)

Wilson's Phalarope (photo)

Red-necked Phalarope-X (photo)


Gulls and Terns (Laridae)

Long-tailed Jaeger-X

Franklins Gull-X

Mew Gull-X

Ring-billed Gull (photo)

California Gull (photo)

Herring Gull

Thayers Gull

Sabines Gull-X

Caspian Tern

Common Tern-X

Forsters Tern-X (photo)

Black Tern-X


Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Rock Pigeon-I (photo )

Band-tailed Pigeon (photo)

Mourning Dove (photo)

Eurasian Collared Dove- X (photo )


Cuckoos and Roadrunners (Cuculidae)

Greater Roadrunner-X (photo)


Barn Owls (Tytonidae)

Barn Owl (photo)


Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Flammulated Owl-X

Western Screech-Owl (photo)

Great Horned Owl (photo)

Northern Pygmy-Owl (photo)

Burrowing Owl (photo)

California Spotted Owl (photo)

Great Gray Owl

Long-eared Owl (photo)

Short-eared Owl (photo)

Northern Saw-whet Owl (photo)


Nighthawks and Poorwills (Caprimulgidae)

Common Nighthawk (photo)

Common Poorwill


Swifts (Apodidae)

Black Swift

Vaux's Swift

White-throated Swift


Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Black-chinned Hummingbird (photo)

Ruby-throated Hummingbird-X

Anna's Hummingbird (photo)

Costas Hummingbird-X (photo)

Calliope Hummingbird (photo)

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird (photo)

Allens Hummingbird-?


Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Belted Kingfisher (photo)


Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Lewis's Woodpecker (photo)

Acorn Woodpecker (photo)

Williamson's Sapsucker (photo)

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker-X (photo)

Red-naped Sapsucker-X

Red-breasted Sapsucker (photo)

Nuttall's Woodpecker (photo)

Downy Woodpecker (photo)

Hairy Woodpecker (photo)

White-headed Woodpecker (photo)

Black-backed Woodpecker (photo)

Northern Flicker (photo)

Pileated Woodpecker (photo)


Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Olive-sided Flycatcher (photo)

Western Wood-Pewee (photo)

Willow Flycatcher (photo)

Hammond's Flycatcher (photo)

Gray Flycatcher (photo)

Dusky Flycatcher (photo)

Pacific-slope Flycatcher (photo)

Black Phoebe (photo)

Say's Phoebe (photo)

Ash-throated Flycatcher (photo)

Western Kingbird (photo)


Shrikes (Laniidae)

Loggerhead Shrike-X (photo)

Northern Shrike-X


Vireos (Vireonidae)

Cassins Vireo (photo)

Hutton's Vireo (photo)

Warbling Vireo (photo)


Jays, Magpies, and Crows (Corvidae)

Steller's Jay (photo)

Western Scrub-Jay (photo)

Pinyon Jay

Clark's Nutcracker (photo)

Black-billed Magpie (photo)

Yellow-billed Magpie (photo)

American Crow (photo)

Common Raven (photo)


Larks (Alaudidae)

Horned Lark (photo)


Martin and Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Purple Martin

Tree Swallow (photo)

Violet-green Swallow (photo)

Northern Rough-winged Swallow (photo)

Bank Swallow-X

Cliff Swallow (photo)

Barn Swallow (photo)


Chickadees and Titmice (Paridae)

Mountain Chickadee (photo)

Chestnut-backed Chickadee (photo)

Oak Titmouse (photo)


Bushtits (Aegithalidae)

Bushtit (photo)


Nuthatches (Sittidae)

Red-breasted Nuthatch (photo)

White-breasted Nuthatch (photo)

Pygmy Nuthatch (photo)


Creepers (Certhiidae)

Brown Creeper (photo)


Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Rock Wren (photo)

Canyon Wren (photo)

Bewick's Wren (photo)

House Wren (photo)

Pacific(winter) Wren (photo)

Marsh Wren (photo)


Dippers (Cinclidae)

American Dipper (photo)

Kinglets (Regulidae)

Golden-crowned Kinglet (photo)

Ruby-crowned Kinglet (photo)


Gnatcatchers (Sylviidae)

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (photo)


Thrushes (Turdidae)

Western Bluebird (photo)

Mountain Bluebird (photo)

Townsend's Solitaire (photo)

Swainson's Thrush-X (photo)

Hermit Thrush (photo)

American Robin (photo)

Varied Thrush (photo)


Wrentits (Timaliidae)

Wrentit (photo)


Mockingbirds and Thrashers (Mimidae)

Northern Mockingbird (photo)

Sage Thrasher-X (photo)

California Thrasher (photo)


Starlings (Sturnidae)

European Starling-I (photo)


Pipits (Motacillidae)

American Pipit (photo)


Waxwings (Bombycillidae)

Bohemian Waxwing-X (photo)

Cedar Waxwing (photo)


Silky Flycatchers (Ptilogonatidae)

Phainopepla (photo)


Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Orange-crowned Warbler (photo)

Nashville Warbler (photo)

Yellow Warbler (photo)

Chestnut-sided Warbler - X

Yellow-rumped Warbler (photo)

Black-throated Gray Warbler (photo)

Townsend's Warbler (photo)

Hermit Warbler (photo)

Bay-breasted Warbler - X

Kentucky Warbler-X

MacGillivray's Warbler (photo)

Common Yellowthroat (photo)

Wilson's Warbler (photo)

Yellow-breasted Chat (photo)


Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Western Tanager (photo)


Towhees, Sparrows, and Longspurs (Emberizidae)

Green-tailed Towhee (photo)

Spotted Towhee (photo)

California Towhee (photo)

Rufous-crowned Sparrow (photo)

Chipping Sparrow (photo)

Brewer's Sparrow (photo)

Vesper Sparrow (photo)

Lark Sparrow (photo)

Black-throated Sparrow-X (photo)

Savannah Sparrow (photo)

Fox Sparrow (photo)

Song Sparrow (photo)

Lincoln's Sparrow (photo)

White-throated Sparrow-X

Harriss Sparrow-X

White-crowned Sparrow (photo)

Golden-crowned Sparrow (photo)

Dark-eyed Junco (photo)

Chestnut-collared Longspur-X


Grosbeaks and Buntings (Cardinalidae)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak-X

Black-headed Grosbeak (photo)

Lazuli Bunting (photo)


Blackbirds, Meadowlarks, Cowbirds, and Orioles (Icteridae)

Red-winged Blackbird (photo)

Tricolored Blackbird-X (photo)

Western Meadowlark (photo)

Yellow-headed Blackbird (photo)

Brewer's Blackbird (photo)

Brown-headed Cowbird (photo)

Bullocks Oriole (photo)

Hooded Oriole - X (photo)


Finches (Fringillidae)

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch (photo)

Pine Grosbeak (photo)

Purple Finch (photo)

Cassin's Finch (photo)

House Finch (photo)

Red Crossbill ( juv. photo)

Pine Siskin (photo)

Lesser Goldfinch (photo)

Lawrence's Goldfinch (photo)

American Goldfinch (photo)

Evening Grosbeak (photo)


Weaver Finches (Passeridae)

House Sparrow-I (photo)


I = Introduced, the taxa is not native to California

X = Extremely rare in Nevada County, documented by one or a few records or localities

? = Status in Nevada County uncertain; suitable habitat is present, but no documented historical

or current records